Friday, December 31, 2004

India has still a long way to go

The Rediff Interview with Michael Porter, head, Strategy Insititute, Harvard with title 'India still has a long way to go' by Manjari Raman posted on December 29, 2004 at

More than one way he says, that Indians are good, but India as a business environment is not (yet).
"Indians come to the US and they thrive! They build great companies, they're global. Isn't that a wonderful metaphor for what we are talking about?"
"Although the Indian business environment is improving in multiple respects, it has some fundamental weaknesses. Number one, the capital markets remain relatively weak and undeveloped. Number two, the physical infrastructure is abysmally ranked."

"Indian firms face a really compelling logistical disadvantage over companies in China in terms of getting goods and services to market. But the most pernicious problems in India--which are still not being confronted head-on - are the pervasive barriers to competition"

"China has taken better advantage of that than India has because China is in many ways more open, more dynamic. We've seen many more companies come into China because that's such a dynamic place. The business environment is a bit more efficient, which is why multinationals use China as an export platform. But we don't see that much in India. The multinationals are there primarily just to do business in India and sell to the Indian market"

Some more perceptions, we often hear from some or the other, some times from Indian entrepreneurs in US itself

"India needs to learn to be more self-critical, more open, and much more honest about what needs to be done"
"India is getting tremendous international profile from IT service exports, but they aren't indicative of the broader economy."
"India is doing quite well in IT-enabled services, but to a considerable extent, that's it"
"it is still too early for India to think it has been successful -- or even partially successful"
"India has a tremendous tendency for overstatement"
"Indians don't take criticism well. They get very offended"

Indian product firms arrive globally

This article highlights some of the Indian Born product ventures, that received global acclaim. It is still a long way to go, but this proves the path taken is in the right direction.

"Tejas Networks and Ittiam Systems joined the global technology products big league by finding takers for their offerings. Subex Systems moved alongside the Indian product lone ranger i-flex in the financial space to leveraging its global acquisitions and arrive in the mature markets."

Article posted at

Thursday, December 30, 2004

Hyderabad would steal the thunder from Bangalore and Mumbai as an IT destination by 2010

Posting at

IT's still happening in Andhra
December 30, 2004

Brand Hyderabad finally arrived in style on the IT map of the country in 2004. Three big ticket happenings towards the end of the year confirmed the credentials that the city had slowly been building up as a preferred destination for IT investments, software and hardware, in the country.

Tuesday, December 21, 2004

IITs - Where are they in Academic Rankings of World Universities 2004

Not long ago, some businessman compared IITs with the MIT and went on to say IITs are better than all the BEST in US combined. Sounds foolish. But most of the Media made it sink in the thoughts of many Indians as truth.

Some reality check, see if they can find where are IITs in the Academic Rankings of World Universities 2004 ? Possible they can also give an equally proud explanation.

Not a single Indian university ranks among the top 100 institutions in the world, according to a recent compilation for the year 2004 by the Shanghai Jiao Tong University's Institute of Higher Education

Country wide rankings at

In the top 100 Asian universities however, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, IIT Kharagpur, and University of Calcutta made it to the list.

Monday, December 20, 2004

C/C++ Articles & References

C/C++ Articles & References that I have recently visited:

The C++ Source

Boost Libraries

ACE (Adaptive Communication Environment)

Guru Of The Week

Inform IT

C/C++ User Journal

Cetus Links

Design Patterns - Tutorials

Bjarne Stroustrup Home Page

C++ Template Compilation Model

Inclusion Model: Complete source code for Template functions will be available in the header files. This is because, the template functions are compiled at the user end for a type specified by the user. This need source code for the template function, hence all the template functions are always included in the header file itself. This is the only portable way available. Most STL libraries are available in header files. Alternately, the functions will be defined in a source file and the source file will be included in the headerfile ( achieves partial seperation of interface from implementation), but still the code in these source file will be compiled only at the user end. Major problem, not for all, is that source is exposed.

Export Model or Seperation Model: To avoid this problem of templates having to be present in the headerfiles, the C++ standard introduced a template compilation model with a keyword "export". But looks like, this has not been successfully implemented so far. Add "export" as qualifier to either the template declaration or definition to use the feature. However, most of the available versions of compilers still need full source code to be shipped to the users, and seems there are still a few other issues.

One issue with using export is illustrated at

Export Restrictions, C/C++ Users Journal, 20(9), September 2002 (

Tuesday, December 14, 2004

Vivek Paul of Wipro in TIME/CNN Global Business Influentials 2004

Vivek Paul, vice chairman and president of IT major Wipro Technologies, has been profiled by Time magazine and CNN in their global list of influential business leaders for 2004. The two media giants featured Paul, in the list of "Global Business Influentials" for 2004.

The list is in honour of a new breed of leaders who have redefined the way business is done, with innovative management strategies, a commitment to transparency, accountability and even helping change society along the way.

Posting at

Friday, December 10, 2004

Virtel named finalist in Light Reading's "Best New Service, Private Company" Awards Category

Virtela, founded by Vab Goel(Chairman & CEO), has been named a finalist in the "Best New Service, Private Company" category of Light Reading's ( inaugural Leading Lights telecommunications industry awards program. The Leading Lights recognize top public and private companies and their executives for their outstanding achievements in the telecommunications industry.

Nearly 300 companies submitted entries for the Leading Lights awards, with finalists determined by the editors and analysts of Light Reading. The final winners of the Leading Lights awards will be announced on December 15, 2004 at the Plaza Hotel in New York City, following Light Reading's Telecom Investment Conference.

News posted at

Promod Haque and Vinod Khosla on Top spots in Forbes Midas List 2004

Promod Haque won the top spot of the Forbes Midas List 2004, surpassing 2003 No.1 Vinod Khosla. Vinod Khosla is at No.2 of the Top Ten.

Monday, December 6, 2004

Airtel, first in the world to screen a full-length movie on mobile

"Airtel will premier Arindam Chaudhary's film Rok Sako To Rok Lo on its multi-access entertainment portal Airtel Live on December 9 at 1500 hrs in 10 circles covering Delhi, Chandigarh, Pune, Ludhiana, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Cochin, Ahmedabad, Kolkata and Mumbai."

"Premiering a full length movie on mobile represents Airtel's latest initiative to usher in a new era of technological innovation to redefine the mobile experience of all our customers, Airtel Mobile Services Director-Mobility and Group Chief Marketing Officer, Mr Atul Bindal said in a statement here. "

News Posted at

Ferrari F1 Racing Engine will be Designed in India

TCS has won a outsourcing project from Ferrari to design its flag ship F1 racing engine. Another feather in the Cap for Indian techies in proving their intensive expertise in technology, along with extensive domain skill sets.

"Cutting-edge solutions delivered with speed and precision and the constant search for excellence and innovation have led to a deal between the makers of the world's fastest and most famous red car and Asia's largest software company." -

News postings at

Sunday, December 5, 2004

Three Indian firms won 'The Deming Application Prize 2004 '

Three Indian firms won the prestigeous Deming Application Prize for year 2004.
Indo Gulf Fertilisers Limited (Aditya Birla Group), Lucas-TVS Limited (TVS group) and SRF Limited, Industrial Synthetics Business won this years The Deming Application Prize, awarded by Union of Japanese Scientists and Engineers.

Thursday, December 2, 2004

Vijaya among 5 International InfoStars by Dialog

Vijaya K. Sundaram of Cairn Energy India Pvt Ltd designated as one of the "International InfoStars" by Dialog. As part of its worldwide Quantum2 training and career development services for information professionals, Dialog each year recognises a select group of individuals from around the world as International InfoStars. (Separate awards are given to North American InfoStars.) The awards are given to people whose creativity and innovation are inspirational to others in the information field.

News item posted at

Infosys won Global MAKE award 2004

Infosys Technologies (Nasdaq:INFY) has won the prestigious Global MAKE (Most Admired Knowledge Enterprises) award, for the year 2004. Infosys won the award for the second time in a row, and remains the only Indian company to have ever been named a Global Most Admired Knowledge Enterprise.

The MAKE programme is administered by Teleos, an independent Knowledge Management Research Company. A panel of Global Fortune 500 senior executives and internationally recognized knowledge management experts chose the 2004 Global MAKE Winners. The panel rated organizations against a framework of eight key knowledge performance dimensions, which are the visible drivers of competitive advantage.

The winners of the 7th annual Global MAKE study, conducted by Teleos in association with The KNOW Network, are (in alphabetical order): Accenture,, BP, Buckman Laboratories, Dell Computer, Ernst & Young, General Electric, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Infosys Technologies, Intel, McKinsey & Company, Microsoft, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Royal Dutch/Shell, Samsung Group, Siemens, Toyota Motor, World Bank and Xerox.

Press release at Infosys

ringback tones - Can they be next killer app?

When ring tones were initially conceived almost every big telecom provider said NO, and when they were introduced in Japan and Korea, they became a super hit and every vendor followed the suit to catchup. And ring tones became killer app for 2003 in revenue(value added services). Now Korea introduced ring-back tones and it became hit in korea and every body is trying to follow the suit hoping it will become killer app for 2005.

Verizon & T-Mobile are introducing in US. Don't know if it is already introduced in India.

For a sample Implementation n/w diagram, look in this file.

Some news & analysis regarding at forbes

Tuesday, November 30, 2004

Indians bag 2 bronze at Young Guns International Advertising Awards

Indians won two Bronze and two finalist nominations at 2004 Young Guns International Advertising Awards.
Awards List

In the 'maverick media' category, Ambience Publicis has bagged a bronze for its work on Snehi, a Delhi-based organisation that works for the rights of abused children.
In the 'Outdoors: community service and charity' category RMG David's Nests won a bronze for an innovative hoarding done for WWF-India.
Ambience Publicis has also bagged two finalist nominations for its work on Western Union Money Transfer in the print single and print campaign categories.

Indians on top at Commonwealth Vision Awards 2004

India's Neeraj Bhasin and Rupalli Mehraa won the first and second prize respectively in the 2004 Commonwealth Vision Awards, awarded in a ceremony held on friday 26th Nov,2004 at the Royal Commonwealth Society in London.

Monday, November 29, 2004

Ittiam Systems awarded the world's most preferred supplier of DSP

Bangalore based Ittiam Systems emerges as the world's most preferred supplier of DSP based intellectual property in world-wide DSP Professionals Survey for 2004 conducted by Forward Concepts.

Its an amazing feat for Ittiam made it to the top in just 4 years after its inception. Ittiam was founded in 2001 in Bangalore, India.

Saturday, November 27, 2004

Blogging with wblogger

This is a nice tool, a stand alone editor to edit/post without ever explicitly logging in to the blog web site. This is a test blog using this tool. Nice and easy now to post a blog. Updating a blog is also very simple and quick.

Tuesday, November 23, 2004

Top 100 Indian American firms generated $2.3bn for 2003

The ninth edition of the study entitled "2004 VII Hundred" conducted jointly by the New York weekly News India-Times and Ventures International Inc says, top 100 companies owned or run by Indian Americans, generated $2.3 billion in revenues during 2003 and provided jobs to 18,491 workers. Productivity is at $124,000 per employee.
Only 21 listings were from the software sector, followed by 19 for professional services and 17 for manufacturing.
The eligibility criteria for participating in the study:
1. privately held
2. controlled by (CEO,President) must be Asian Indian origin
3. Minimum sales of $1 million
Ninety-two firms had made it to the 2003 list, as per the 8th edition of the survey, collectively generating $2.2 billion in revenues, providing jobs to 18,337 employees. Productivity is at $120,000 per employee.
Comparing 8th and 9th editions, the difference is only $0.1 billion in revenue.
$2.3Billion looks good for India, though it is almost nothing compared to other Asian counter parts in particular. Long way to go.

Top 6 Innovative Indian companies 2004

Six "Made In India" Innovative Software companies have been shortlisted by NASSCOM for 2004 "IT Innovation in India". These companies will present their road maps in the next NASSCOM meet in Mumbai in feb, 2005.

These six made in to the finals, from a spirited 96 counterparts.
Beehive Solutions Ltd,
Compulink Systems Ltd,
Liqwid Krysal India Pvt Ltd,
PACE Soft Silicon,
Srishti Software Pvt Ltd and
very well known among certification aspirants Whizlabs Software Pvt Ltd

NASSCOM aspires to showcase the expertize and help them to become world leaders in the area of specialization.

Monday, November 22, 2004

Comparing IITs with MIT – mere hype

This show CBS's '60 Minutes' was broadcasted a long time back, but I came to read this comment recently, and I was shocked to see the emotional interpretation media and Indians who believed it to be true.

"Well, my son, he probably wanted to do computer science at IIT. To do that, you have to be in the top 200 and he couldn't do that, so he went to Cornell instead....I do know cases where students who couldn't get into computer science at IIT, they have gotten scholarships at MIT, at Princeton, at Caltech." -N R Narayanamurthy Founder, Infosys in an interview to CBS's '60 Minutes' on India's IIT Jan 17, 2003.

This may be true, that his son and many other Indians could not get in to IITs but got in to American universities and even got scholarships there. Considering the population of India and the intake of IITs, there will always be such a fierce competition. There is a large queue for Maruthi cars in India, but you get a Mercedes Benz almost immediately if you have money. This does not make Maruthi car better than Benz. The context it was told and the media hype created later on intended to say that IITs are much better than MIT and likes, which I believe is totally foolish and emotional.

Consider these parameters and compare IITs with American Universities in general and MIT in particular.

MIT has 59 noble prize winners. How many does IIT(s) have?
Do you think, all these Nobel prizes speak for, stand for and prove some thing about MIT?

The Indian Institute of Technology ranked 41st in the world in the league table of the world's best universities produced by The Times Higher Education Supplement (THES). American institutions occupied seven of the top ten places, with MIT at 3rd place.,,591-1343946,00.html

Kind of research activities going on at MIT, Compare with IITs, both in number of labs and products/concepts came out of their labs.

How many algorithms, concepts, frameworks created by IITs that you have ever heard of, which are in active application at any point of time?

Number of patents filed?

Dissemination of Research and knowledge gained.

Do you have any thing like MIT OCW initiative at IITs at any scale? Visit and see how the whole world is taking advantage of MIT knowledge.

Compare how many papers got published from IITs at major international forums?

How many text books published by the faculty at IITs? It is quite funny that even IIT students study only books/material published by American universities.
How many American universities prescribe books published by IIT?

How many products/concepts do you use which are invented or produced by companies founded by IIT faculty/students?

How many startups you are aware of are from IIT faculty/students/alumni? List it down. I do not accept if they have gone to any American university for their higher education.

Honors, Top positions held at major companies.
This is where I heard lot of hype that American companies can not survive without IIT students and Indians. Quite funny. Americans innovate, create companies, create businesses, but can not survive?

You may come up with a good number of people on your list, but again, count only those who have not gone for higher studies to MIT and likes?

Take the list of top executives and CEOs of major Indian companies, and count how many of them have studied in American Universities?

Visit pages of, an IIT alumni; you will be shocked to see the real picture, in particular at Microsoft.

If IITs are so much better than its overseas counter parts, why every IIT graduate is going for masters in American universities?

IITs MAY be the best in India when compared to the other Indian counter parts, but they are far from MIT likes. You may come up with some star performers who are from IITs, but wait a moment; most of them have done a course in MIT likes before they start shining.

Visit these links, it may make sense to some of you and see the real picture, through your own eyes, not through media or businessmen with vested interests.

My favourite MIT Links:

Arindam Banerji
Can India produce billion-dollar innovations?

How India can produce big-bang innovations

Inovation: Where India succeeded and failed

G V DasarathiAre Indians really dumb?

Bangalore: Silicon Valley or Coolie Valley?

Visit pages of, an IIT alumni; you will be shocked to see the real picture.

The Indian Entrepreneur: Not CEO Material in the Valley!

Innovation Indian ishtyle!
India registered mere 354 patents in 2003 compared with Taiwan’s 5300 and Korea’s 3952.

National Innovation Foundation

Instead of living in Utopia, this foundation does what needs to be done at grass root levels, promotes innovation at every facet of life and finds value for it. The NIF was set up by the Government of India four years ago to help these unsung heroes find a platform to showcase their knowledge. Supported by the Honey Bee Networks, the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Shristi and various local NGOs, the foundation helps Indian innovation by identifying, documenting and protecting the intellectual property rights of the grass root level innovations. The NIF has selected 13,000 grassroots innovations based on traditional knowledge for commercialization.

Also Organizes various events like the Annual Business Competition "Disha" - with support from IIMA to promote the cause.

Three Indians in Oracle Editor's choice awards 2004

Three Indians won Oracle Editor's choice Awards 2004.

Rajesh Kumar - Early Adopter of the Year 2004, Oracle Grid Control
Jyotika Patel - Portal Developer of the Year 2004
Venkat Tipparam - Java Developer of the Year 2004

Published in Oracle Magazine Nov/Dec 2004

Global Indus Technovators Awards 2004

The 2004 Global Indus Technovators Awards have been announced.

The Global Indus Technovator Awards have been instituted to recognize and felicitate 20 distinguished innovators of Indus origin working at the cutting-edge of technology that may be harnessed for far-reaching applications.

9 Indians in MIT Top 100 Innovator's list

9 Indians achieved their spots in this year's list of "100 Top Innovators" (under the age of 35) chosen by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's "Technology Review" magazine.

The magazine is accessible only on subscription. Read info at various news web sites. Complete indians list is available at the first link:,curpg-1.cms

Sunday, November 21, 2004

India remains TOP, takes a hatrick with a 7% rise

India remains top, for the third year with an increase of 7% in student enrollment in US universities, while overall enrollment dips by 2.4%, as reported in
Open Doors 2004, the annual report published by the Institute of International Education(IIE).

Posted in a Press release at

India on top at World Communication Awards 2004

Two of the best brands of India, Airtel and Reliance place India on top at the World Communication Awards 2004 by winning 2 of 12 honours. Airtel was voted as the Best Brand and Mukhesh Ambani of Reliance was voted as the Most Influential Person in Communications.

The awards were declared on 11th October,2004 in London.

See all the nominees for "The most influential person in Communications"(the list includes CEOs of all top telecoms, Steve Jobs and Bill Gates), to get a feel of who Mukhesh Ambani has won against, and how much it mean to India to win such an honour.

Reliance Infocomm


Wednesday, November 17, 2004


"Why is the media here so negative? Why are we in India embarrassed to recognise our own strengths, our achievements? We are such a great nation. We have so many amazing success stories but we refuse to acknowledge them. Why?”
“There are millions of such achievements but our media is only obsessed in the bad news and failures and disasters.”

“In India we only read about death, sickness, terrorism, crime. Why are we so NEGATIVE?”
- Excerpts from a speech by DR. A.P.J. ABDUL KALAM, President of India

I remember this email that was flying around for a long time with title, “A must read for Indians”, with excerpts from a speech made by president Abdul kalam. People read it, praised it, forwarded to all on their buddy lists. After a while, it is forgotten like any other forwarded article. I wish, at least some people would start looking at India little differently and start doing some thing different which might change this shameful image.

Honestly speaking this is true for all news papers, tv channels, plethora of web sites and other communication channels, except one web site, This web site, with a mission to “.. persuade that there is more to India than the stream of depressing stories projects her to be”. Created by DV Sridharan in 1999 with 3 pages of good news about India, and now has over 650,000 unique visitors and over 1 million page views, spells only positive thoughts all through its web pages and show case the achievements and triumphs of the (mostly) un-sung heroes of India, thus setting examples to the fellow Indians to follow. The site is entirely maintained by him self.

"He is a one man army now; with only his Toyota Qualis, and an Apple computer to help him. He designs the site, meets the heroes of India, writes about them, takes pictures with his digital camera, writes two main stories and six supplementary stories a month, uploads them, publishes and replies to all the mail. Whenever a new story appears, all those who have subscribed to the site get a three line alert stating that a new story has been published.” Read the complete story of its beginnings featured on titled “Now, for the good news” at

This man’s brave efforts truly exemplify the famous quote, “Action speaks louder than words”. It can, hopefully, also inspire a billion people.

Exotic? Can’t believe it? Visit the web site and read the biggest achievements of the man himself and other fellow Indians.

If you buy stuff from Amazon, follow the Amazon link on this page , to help support it.

“For an affectionate but truthful look at India, visit”

Monday, November 1, 2004

SCJP Resources

There is a large number of resources both online and offline available for SCJP exam preparation. Not all of them are effective, particularly if you have limited time to spare, like me. The following are the short-listed resources I have used to pass the SCJP exam(31st october,2004). I got 56 answers right out of 61 questions and scored 91% . It took 3 weeks for me to learn the fundamentals of Java language and specifically prepare for the exam. If you have limited time, the following list of resources, which I consider very effective, may help you too.


  • “HeadFirst Java” by Bert Bates, Kathy Sierra - If you are new to Java, this is the best book, as it explains the concepts in a very humorously engaging way. And this book has a variety of presentation techniques to illustrate and emphasize the concepts.
  • “Sun Certified Programmer & Developer for Java 2 Study Guide” by Bert Bates, Kathy Sierra - This book covers every thing required for the exam in the same style as in “HeadFirst Java” and the question set included is very close to the real exam both in content and format.

Mock Exams

  • Mock exams included on the CD with the book “Sun Certified Programmer & Developer for Java 2 Study Guide”. Mostly the same questions as in the text book.
  • Java Programmer Certification Mock Exam by Marcus Green (
    These questions are very close to the real exam both in content and format.
  • Bill Brogden Collection ( 1. The Old hardest test collection 2. The new book test. These questions highlight a few very interesting concepts, which otherwise go unnoticed. Some of the questions in (a) are also be repeated in (b).

Other online resources

  • Sun Java Online Tutorial in HTML Help- for reference whenever required. It will be very handy to have it in this format.
  • JavaRanch SCJP FAQ Pages ( This is the web page where I found most of the resources for the exam. I used the following from this page along with the mock exams (b and c) listed above: 1. Potential Trips/Traps in SCJP Exam by Ajith Kallambella. and 2. Ashraf Fouad's concentrated guide to SCJP- Good compilation from different certification resources. Careful, the wording is confusing at times and not all chapters are relevant for the exam.
  • Xinox Software‘s JCreator IDE ( ) Free version available and is written entirely in C++, so very fast and better for testing samples. Can easily navigate through API and Java documentation from within this application.

My 2 cents

  • Remember the nature of the few exceptions that you come across during the preparation, whether they are checked exceptions or not. If a checked exception appears in the question, check for code to handle it or declare it.
  • If ‘Compilation fails’ is in the options list, then first go through the code to see for compilation errors. When you are taking final mock tests before the real exam, do not take tests by test objective (particularly tests on the CD include hint to the test objective). If you maneuver the mock exams, you will be in a better position to identify what is being tested in the question, though it looks to test something else.
  • String and Wrapper classes are final classes and immutable.
  • Thread class implements Runnable interface, so can be passed as a Runnable target to other threads.
  • In Java, the remainder operator works with decimal numbers too unlike C++. The value of 15.07%3.01 will be 0.02, NOT ZERO.
  • The Math.random () function never returns 1.0. (Always returns value less than 1.0)

Wednesday, August 25, 2004

Who is a Software Architect ?

On googling, I found some very informative links on what makes a Software architect. Some are very abstract, but can easily relate to realistic functions.

Typical activities/scope of the role of architect from HP's website.

Architect Pages from IBM library

Duties of Software Architect from SEI

Becoming an Architect article at Artima.

World Wide Institute of Software Architects

Architect role page from wwisa

The role of Architect - article : Fact or Allegation ? Just another twisted title for sensationalism

This is yet another example of’s sensationalism twisted titles. The title says, as if this was a fact, woman made to urinate in pub...